TCNJ Alert: Power Restored

Power has been restored and the college is now in the process of ensuring that heat and other critical systems in affected buildings are functioning properly. Students will be able to access residence halls beginning at 4pm today. Students are encouraged to monitor the weather and use their best judgement regarding returning to campus safely. Tuesday events and classes have been canceled. Classes and events will resume at 8am on Wednesday morning.

Alert Posted on November 12th, 2019 at 12:46 pm

The College of New Jersey

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Glossary of Terms

TCNJ – The College of New Jersey

TESOL – Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages

SLA – Second Language Acquisition

ESL/EFL/ELL – English as a Second Language / English as a Foreign Language / English Language Learner

GSL – General Service List; a list, originally written by Michael West in 1953, is comprised of the top 2,000 words every ELL student should learn first in order to understand roughly 90% of general conversation

CA – Conversation Analysis

NL – Native language

TL – Target language

IL – Interlanguage; internalized language system created by the learner with elements from both native language and target language (or from none)

NS – Native speaker

NNS – Nonnative speaker

FT – Foreign talk

LEP – Limited English proficiency

UG – Universal grammar

L1 – Language 1; first language; native language

L2 – Language 2; second language; additional language

BICS – Basic Interpersonal Communication Skills; social language (Cummins 1980)

CALP – Cognitive Academic Language Proficiency; academic language (Cummins 1980)

Silent period – pre-production stage of the second language acquisition process in which the language learner may comprehend the target language, but does not produce speech

Transfer – psychological process in which prior learning is carried over to a new learning situation

Sheltered instruction – approach for teaching content to English learners in strategic ways that make the subject matter concepts comprehensible while promoting the students’ English language development (Echevarría, Vogt, & Short 2004).